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Anglo-American steam tankers 1889-1914 - Part 1
Bayonne,  Completed 8.1889, 3,294 Gross tons
Built by A. &J. Inglis Ltd., Glasgow.
Measurements: 330 feet length X 42 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1895: (Akt. Ges. Atlantic).
1905: (Soc. Italo Americanes del Petrolis (A.G. Atlantic)).
1917: (La Columbia Soc. Mar. Trasporto del Petrolio e Derivanti, Genoa).
1924: Sold for breaking up.

Manhattan, Completed 9.1889, 3,284 Gross tons
Built by D. J. Dunlop & Co., Port Glasgow.
Measurements: 330 feet length X 42 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1899: (Akt. Ges. Atlantic).
23.9.1910: Sailed from New York for Algiers with a cargo of petroleum. Missing, not heard of since.

Weehauken, Completed 1891, 2,784 Gross tons
Built by Armstrong, Mitchell & Co. Ltd., Newcastle.
Measurements: 310 feet length X 40 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
6.4.1911 (J.I. Jacobs & Co. Ltd. (Oil & Molasses Tankers Ltd.)).
1927: Vioca, (Soc. di Nav. Cameli, Italy).
1928: (Soc. Anon Cameli, Italy).
4.1937: Scrapped Italy.

Delaware, Completed 6.1893, 3,855 Gross tons
Built by D.J. Dunlop & Co., Port Glasgow.
Measurements: 345 feet length X 44 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1.1929: Sold to Hughes, Bolckow for breaking up at Biyth.

Potomac, Completed 1893, 3,868 Gross tons
Built by A. &J. Inglis Ltd., Glasgow.
Measurements: 345 feet length X 44 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
26.9.1929: Wrecked on Mastic Point, NE coast of Andros Island, Bahamas (voyage: Baytown/London).

Lackawanna, Completed 2.1894, 3,855 Gross tons
Built by D.J. Dunlop & Co., Port Glasgow.
Measurements: 345 feet length X 44 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1910: Exchanged for a larger ship from Deutsch-Amerikanische Petroleum-Gesellschaft.
1910: Sirius (Deutsch-Amerikanische Petroleum-Gesellschaft).
1919: (Soc. Anon Andora, Genoa). 1922: Fiamma (Soc. Anon Andora, Genoa).
1924: (Samengo & Mussinelli, Genoa). 1925: May a (G. Massabo, Italy).
1927: (Soc. Anon Petroliera, Genoa).
1928: (Soc. Anon Cisterne Italiane).
5.9.1941: Sunk by submarine (HMS Perseus) torpedo, 6 miles south of Tenedo, off Dardanelles, 39.43N 25.57E.

Chesapeake, Completed 8.1895, 4,521 Gross tons
Built by D. J. Dunlop & Co., Port Glasgow.
Measurements: 370 feet length X 47 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
6.12.1911: Explosion of naphtha vapour, 40.20N 48.40W, in North Atlantic. On fire, abandoned (voyage: New York/Algiers).

Tuscarora, Completed 1898, 6,117 Gross tons
Built by Sir James Laing, Sunderland.
Measurements: 420 feet length X 53 feet breadth. 8,000 tdw.
Engines: T3cyl (amidships).
1912: Powhatan (Tank Storage & Carriage Co. Etd).
1916: (Standard Transportation Co. Ltd. (Hong Kong)).
6.4.1917: Sunk by submarine (U.66) torpedo 25 miles N by W of North Rona, 59.32N 6.03W (voyage: Sabine/ KirkwaU) whilst serving as an Admiralty oiler.

Genesee, Completed 1889, 2,767 Gross tons
Built by Armstrong, Mitchell & Co. Ltd., Newcastle as Darial (Lane & MacAndrew).
Measurements: 310 feet length X 40 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1895: (Galbraith, Pembroke & Co.).
6.1899: Genesee (Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd.). 1924: Scrapped.

The Genesee was attacked several times by U-boats. Two attacks were made in the North Sea on 23rd March, 1917, and six months later, on 27th September. In both attacks the torpedoes missed. Then, on 1st January, 1918, again in the North Sea, the Genesee was hit. She listed heavily to port and the Master sent most of the crew to an escorting patrol boat. Then the ship righted herself and with the four remaining crew was brought to Hartlepool. She suffered further damage, again in the North Sea, on 21st July, 1918, but still managed to reach port.

Suwanee, Completed 1888, 2.736 Gross tons
Built by Armstrong, Mitchell & Co. Ltd., Newcastle, as Kasbek (Lane & MacAndrew).
Measurements: 310 feet length x 40 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1895: (Galbraith, Pembroke & Co.).
6.1899: Suwanee (Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd.).
1921: (Galbraith, Pembroke & Co.).
20.4.1917: Attacked by submarine gunfire, North Atlantic.
1925: Scrapped Holland.

Hudson, Completed 5.1900, 3,679 Gross tons
Built by Sunderland Shipbuilding Co. Ltd.
Measurements; 356 feet length X 45 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1911: Hudson Maru (Tatsuma Kisen KK).
1931: Nagato Maru (Nippon Godo KK).
1934: Toten Maru (Nippon Suisan KK).
11.6.1944: Sunk by torpedo from U.S.S. Barb in Pacific Ocean, 46.58N143.50E.

Seneca, Completed 1901,  4,848 Gross tons
Built by Russell & Co., Port Glasgow.
Measurements: 390 feet length X 52 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1912: Aspinet (Tank Storage 8; Carriage Co. Ltd.).
1916: (Standard Transportation Co. Ltd., Hong Kong).
1923: Hakkaz Maru (Kita Shina KK).
1931: (Mitsuwa Shokai KK).
7.1934: Scrapped Japan.

The case oil trade was generally regarded as being the near-monopoly of the sailing ship fleet, but there were some steamships built for it.
One steamer was the Seneca which Anglo American obtained from Russell and Company in 1901. After transfer to the Tank Storage and Carriage Company as Aspinet she was requisitioned for the carriage of petroleum and then transferred again to Hong Kong registry.
In 1923 she became Hakkai Maru of Kita Shina KK (North China S.S. Co.) and was registered at Dairen for the purpose of obtaining certain Japanese flag privileges. In 1931 she was sold to another owner in the same port.

Appalachee, Completed 1.1894, 3,767 Gross tons
Built by Tyne Iron Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Newcastle, asDuffield for Northern Petroleum Tank S.S. Co. (Hunting & Son).
Measurements: 340 feet length x 44 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
6.1901: Appalachee (Anglo-America-n Oil Co. Ltd.).
25.2.1918: Damaged by submarine torpedo offN. Ireland. Towed in.
1926: Clizia (G. Masabo, Italy). 1927: (Ape Anon Petroliere, Italy).
1942: (German Navy).
25-26.8.1944: Scuttled in River Gironde. Broken up in situ.

Tonawanda, Completed 1893, 3,416 Gross tons
Built by Armstrong, Mitchell & Co. Ltd., Newcastle, as Lucigen (H. E. Moss & Co., Liverpool).
Measurements: 330 feet length X 43 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
4.1901: Tonawanda (Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd.).
2.6.1917: Torpedoed by submarine in English Channel, but reached port.
1923: Scrapped.

Ottawa, Completed 1888, 2,742 Gross tons
Built by Armstrong, Mitchell & Co. Ltd., Newcastle as Elbruz (Lane & MacAndrew).
Measurements: 309 feet length X 40 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1895: (Galbraith, Pembroke & Co.).
4.1900: Ottawa (Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd.).
6.2.1921: In wireless communication, but then went missing (voyage: Port Lobos/Manchester - fuel oil).

The Ottawa was in Admiralty service between August 1914 and December 1918. On 21st January, 1921, she sailed from Mexico for Manchester with a bulk cargo of 3,600 tons of fuel oil, routed via Norfolk, Virginia, from where she left on 2nd February.
Subsequently, the tanker was in wireless telegraphy communication with other vessels, the last one, the British steamer Dorington Court, on 6th February. Shortly after, there was a hurricane in the area, in which the French steamer Victoneux (1911, 5,692 gt) and the Belgian owned Bombardier (1920, 3,162 gt) were abandoned.
There is little doubt that the Ottawa was also a victim of the storm, for the British-flag steamer Esperanza de Larrinaga (1907, 4,981 gt) and the Italian vessel Monte San Michelle (1920, 6,547 gt), which, respectively, sailed on the same day from Norfolk and New York, also went missing.

Housatonic, Completed 2.1893, 3,893 Gross tons
Built by Naval Construction & Armaments Co. Ltd., Barrow, as Northern Light (G. Crosham, Lane & Co., London).
Measurements: 347 feet length X 45 feet 6 inches breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1896: (Lennards Petroleum Carrying Co., London).
4.1901: Housatonic (Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd.).
1.1908: Wrecked on Maiden Rocks, near Lame (voyage: Barrow/New York - ballast).

Tioga, Completed 1890, 2,292 Gross tons
Built by Burmeister & Wain, Copenhagen, as Christine (Danske Petroleums Akt).
Measurements: 281 feet length X 3 7 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1902: Tioga (Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd.).
1910: (Cia Bellerine (Christensen)).
4.2.1913: Stranded, South Orkney Island, South Atlantic, whilst on whaling service.

Kennebec, Completed 6.1902, 5,077 Gross tons
Built by Russell & Co., Port Glasgow.
Measurements: 405 feet length X 52 feet breadth.
1912: Ponus (Tank Storage & Carriage Co. Ltd.).
1916: (Standard Transportation Co. Ltd., Hong Kong).
3.11.1916: Wrecked on Byllyngwase Beach, Falmouth, whilst serving as an Admiralty oiler.

Narragansett, Completed 1903, 9,196 Gross tons
Built by Scott & Co., Greenock.
Measurements: 531 feet (oa) 512 feet length X 63 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl (amidships).
16.3.1917: Torpedoed and sunk off Scilly Isles, 50.12N 17.34W (voyage: New York/London - lubricating oil).

The Narragansett had a cargo of nearly 10,000 tons of lubricating oil, destined for Purfleet, when she was lost with all hands. The only word received from the ship was a message through the Admiralty wireless, "Arriving Purfleet Saturday" and another, later "Narragansett sinking". There was no further trace of the ship and no wreckage found.
She was one of several ships which helped in rescuing 521 passengers and crew from the Volturno (1910/3581gt) which caught fire and sank 9th October, 1913, on a voyage from Rotterdam to New York.

Schuylkill, Completed 6.1903, 5,176 Gross tons
Built by Russell & Co., Port Glasgow.
Measurements: 412 feet length X 52 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1912: Oneka (Tank Storage & Carriage Co. Ltd.).
1916: (Standard Transportation Co., Hong Kong).
1924: Ryoka Maru (Saka Kisen KK).
1939:(TokaiUnsoKK).
15.2.1944: Sunk by U.S. mine in Okinawa Sea, 31.16N 121.45E.

Dakotah, Completed 7.1902, 4,006 Gross tons
Built by Armstrong, Whitworth & Co. Ltd., Newcastle as Tuscany (Lane & McAndrew).
Measurements: 350 feet length X 47 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1904: Dakotah (Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd.).
1913: Kanakuk (Tank Storage & Carriage Co. Ltd.).
3.10.1915: On fire, sank in position 2.37S 116.43E (voyage: Balik Papan/Europe - benzine).

Seminole, Completed 6.1903, 5,864 Gross tons
Built by Furness Withy & Co. Ltd., West Hanlepool.
Intended to be named Gloriana, for British Maritime Trust, but retained by the builders until 1904.
Measurements: 414 feet (oa)/400 feet length X 52 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1904: Seminole (Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd.).
1912: Wabasha (Tank Storage & Carriage Co. Ltd.).
1916: (Standard Transportation Co. Ltd., Hong Kong).
6.7.1917: Damaged by submarine torpedo in English Channel. Reached port.
1924: (Oil & Molasses Tankers Ltd. (J. I. Jacobs & Co.)).
1926: (Ol Transport GmbH, Hamburg).
1929: Nordsee (01 Transport GmbH, Hamburg).
1932: Broken up.

Winnehago, Completed 11.1901, 4,534 Gross tons
Built by Armstrong, Whitworth & Co. Ltd., Newcastle, as Kinsman (C. T. Bownng & Co.).
Measurements: 359 feet length X 50 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
1905 Winnehago (Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd.).
1912 Masconomo (Tank Storage & Carriage Co. Ltd.).
1916: Standard Transportation Co. Ltd., Hong Kong).
1931: Irma Schindler (Leth & Co., Hamburg).
1936: Burano (Cia Italiana Maritima, Genoa).
9.1943: Taken over by German Navy.
26.8.1944: Scuttled at Pauillac, 29 miles NW of Bordeaux on south bank of River Gironde, as an obstruction to the port.                                                1946: Raised and cut up for scrap.
On 25th-26th August, 1944 at Bordeaux and in the River Gironde, the Burano was one of twenty-one merchant ships, a German destroyer and eight German minesweepers which were sunk or scuttled just prior to the liberation of Bordeaux on 31st August, 1944.

Ashtahula, Completed 8.1903, 7,025 Gross tons
Built by Palmers Shipbuilding & Iron Co. Ltd., Jarrow, as Graf Stroganoff (Northern S.S. Co., St Petersburg).
Measurements: 442 feet (oa)/428 feet length X 54 feet breadth.
Engines: T3cyl. 10V2 knots.
:Ashtabula (Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd.).
22.2.1917: Damaged by mine, North Sea. Arrived London.
1930: Alabama (6,725 gt) (Soc. Anon. Petroleum Genoa).

On 30th December, 1941, Venezuela severed relations with Italy, and the Italian-flag Alabama, then under repair in the Gulf of Maracaibo, was seized by Venezuela and later acquired by the United States. She was then renamed Osmond and placed under the flag of Panama.
Then, on 23rd March, 1944, she was taken over by the United States Navy, renamed Quiros (IX 140) and sent to the Western Pacific as a mobile storage tanker. After the Pacific duties and plagued by constant machinery trouble, she was taken under tow from Kwajalein, Marshall Islands, to San Francisco, arriving on 24th October, 1945. On 7th December, 1945, she was decommissioned and reverted to the United States War Shipping Administration and to her previous name of Osmond. As such, she was delivered on 10th July, 1947, to the American Iron and Metal Company for breaking up.

Cuyahoga, Completed 8.1902, 4,507 Gross tons
Built by Armstrong, Whitworth 8;; Co. Ltd., Newcastle, as Lucigen (H. E. Moss & Co.).
Measurements: 369 feet length X 48 feet 6 inches breadth.
Engines: T3cyl.
4.1907: Cuyahoga (Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd.).
1912: Massasoit (Tank Storage & Carriage Co. Ltd.).
1916: (Standard Transportation Co. Ltd., Hong Kong).
1928: Tageha (Deutsche Petroleum A.G., Hamburg).
1932: Delia (Industrie Nav. S.A., Genoa). 1933: Scrapped Italy.